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Welcome to English Grammar Express – a free site for English language students who want to improve their grammar.

You'll find a range of grammar resources including: grammar workshops and practice resources.
All lessons / resources come with printable PDFs.

A good place to start? Try the following featured workshops:

Countable and uncountable nouns  Countable and Uncountable Nouns

"The": Special Uses  "The": Special Uses

Phrasal Verbs - Part 1  Phrasal Verbs Part 1


You can also find some fun comprehension exercises on Stative Verbs and Question Forms; and useful sample conversations with a grammar focus: Party Conversation, Job Interview.

For general grammar practice, here are some recent exercises:

   Grammar Mistakes: Rafael Nadal

   Present Simple: Revision & Comprehension

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Comparatives & Superlatives

Grammar Summary:

Grammar lesson: How do we construct adjectives in the comparative and superlative in English? It depends – on the number of syllables and spelling.
There are also irregular forms you need to memorise. Below is a summary of the rules on this subject.

The explanation is divided into 4 parts. 1) Adding '-er than' and 'the -est'; 2) Adding '-ier than' and 'the -iest'; 3) Adding 'more ...-er than' and 'the most ...' and 4) Irregular forms.


1)
Add ‘-er than’ & ‘the -est’:

a) Most one-syllable adjectives

i) Most one-syllable adjectives form comparatives and superlatives with: ‘-er than’ and ‘the -est’.

Taller thanExamples:
tall  /  taller than  /  the tallest
old  / older than  /  the oldest   
long  / longer than  /  the longest




ii) For one-syllable adjectives ending with ‘-e’, just add ‘-r’.

The safestExamples:
nice  /  nicer than  /  the nicest
safe  /  safer than  /  the safest
large  /  larger than  /  the largest




iii) For one-syllable adjectives ending with vowel + consonant, add a double consonant.

Examples:
big  /  bigger than  /  the biggest
fat  /  fatter than  /  the fattest
thin  /  thinner than  /  the thinnest


b) Certain two-syllable adjectives
    

Some two-syllable adjectives also form comparatives and superlatives with: ‘-er than’ and ‘the -est’.

ClevererExamples:
simple / simpler than / the simplest
quiet / quieter than / the quietest
clever / cleverer than / the cleverest

 
    
John says Note these are adjectives with the emphasis on the first syllable. Note these two-syllable adjectives can also take ‘more... than’ & ‘the most...’. See 3) below.



2) Add ‘-ier than’ & ‘the -iest’:

 Two-syllables, ending with ‘-y’

For two-syllable adjectives ending with ‘-y’ add: ‘-ier than’ and ‘the -iest’.

Happier thanExamples:
happy / happier than / happiest
easy / easier than / easiest
friendly / friendlier than / friendliest



Note These two-syllable adjectives can also take ‘more... than’ & ‘the most...’. See below



3) Add ‘more... than’ & ‘the most...’:

a) Some two-syllable adjectives - optional

Adjectives in sections 1b) and 2) above can also take ‘more... than’ & ‘the most...’.

Examples:
more simple than  /  the most simple
more quiet than  /  the most quiet
more friendly than  /  the most friendly

b) Most other two-syllable adjectives

However, most other adjectives with 2 syllables, and in particular those ending with -ing, -ed, -ful and -less must take ‘more... than’ & ‘the most...’.

More carefulExamples:
caring, more caring, the most caring
giftedmore gifted, the most gifted
careful, more careful, the most careful
useless, more useless, ... most useless



c) Three (or more)-syllable adjectives

For adjectives of three syllables or more add: ‘more... than’ and ‘the most...’.

Examples:
important  /  more important than  the most important
intelligent  /  more intelligent than  /  the most intelligent
beautiful  /  more beautiful than  /  the most beautiful



4) Irregular forms

The following adjectives are irregular. Learn them all by heart.

Worse thanExamples:
good  /  better than  /  the best
bad  /  worse than  /  the worst
far  /  farther than  /  the farthest
little  /  less than, the least
many/much, more than, the most


To practise what you've learnt, click the following comparatives exercise

More grammar videos:  Countable, Uncountable Nouns  
There is, there are
Other lessons: Zero Article for Buildings  Stative Verbs (Comprehension)

Printable PDFs for this lesson:

More Lessons



     Countable and uncountable nouns 

     Countable and Uncountable
     Nouns
     Learn the two key rules

    
     "The": Special Uses
 
      "The": Special Uses
      10 special uses of 'the' here

   
     Phrasal Verbs - Part 1 

     Phrasal Verbs Part 1
     Each example with a picture

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